Colombia

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Colombia
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia (Spanish: República de Colombia), is in northwestern South America. Colombia was the first constitutional government in South America, with its capital in Bogotá.

The word “Colombia” comes from Christopher Columbus (Spanish: Cristóbal Colón). It was conceived by the Venezuelan revolutionary Francisco de Miranda as a reference to all the New World, but especially to those under the Spanish and Portuguese rule.

Colombia is very ethnically diverse, and the interaction between descendants of the original native inhabitants, Spanish colonists, Africans brought as slaves and twentieth-century immigrants from Europe and the Middle East has produced a rich cultural heritage.

Portal del Estado
Colombia Online Government web site (Spanish)
Colombia Travel
Colombia: Official Tourism Portal (English)
Colombia Investment
Colombia: Official Investment Portall (English)

Colombia is an unitary republic formed by thirty-two departments (Spanish: departamentos, sing. departamento) and a Capital District (Distrito Capital). Each department has a Governor (gobernador) and a Department Assembly (Asamblea Departamental), elected by popular vote for a four-year period. The governor cannot be re-elected in consecutive periods. Departments are country subdivisions and are granted a certain degree of autonomy.

Amazonas
Its capital is Leticia. Its name comes from the Amazon River that drains much of the area and the rainforest that covers a large part of the area.
Antioquia
Located in the central northwestern part of Colombia, a narrow section borders the Caribbean Sea. Most of its territory is mountainous with some valleys, much of which is part of the Andes mountain range.
Arauca
Located in the extreme north of the Orinoco part of Colombia (the Llanos Oriental).
Atlántico
Located in northern Colombia with the Caribbean sea to its north, the Bolívar Department to its south, and the Magdalena Department to its east separated by the Magdalena River.
Bolívar
Located to the north of the country, extending from the coast at Cartagena near the mouth of the Magdalena River, then south along the river to a border with Antioquia.
Boyacá
Boyacá is located in the Andean Region in central Colombia, over the Cordillera Oriental mountain range.
Caldas
Named after Colombian patriotic figure Francisco José de Caldas, it is part of the Paisa Region and its capital is Manizales.
Caquetá
Located in the Amazonas region. Its capital is the city of Florencia.
Casanare
It is in the central eastern region of the country. Its capital is Yopal. It contains oil fields and an 800 km pipeline leading to the coastal port of Coveñas.
Cauca
Located in the south-western part of the country, its capital is the city of Popayán. The offshore island of Malpelo belongs to the department.
Cesar
The “Cesar” name is an adaptation from the Chimila indigenous word Chet-tzar or Zazare (“calm water”) into Spanish, in reference to the Cesar River.
Chocó
Known for its large Afro-Colombian population, It is in the west of the country, and is the only Colombian department to have coastlines on both the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It also has all of Colombia’s border with Panama. Its capital is Quibdó.
Cundinamarca
Cundinamarca is located in the center of Colombia and its capital is Bogotá.
Córdoba
Córdoba faces to the north with the Caribbean sea, to the northeast with the Sucre Department, east with the Bolívar Department and south with the Antioquia Department. Its capital is the city of Montería.
Guainía
It is in the east of the country, bordering Venezuela and Brazil. Its capital is Inirida.
Guaviare
It is in the southern central region of the country. Its capital is San José del Guaviare.
Huila
It is located in the southwest of the country, and its capital is Neiva.
La Guajira
It occupies most of its namesake peninsula, the Guajira Peninsula in the northeast region of the country. The department capital city is Riohacha.
Magdalena
Located to the north of the country by the Caribbean Sea, it was named after the Magdalena River. The capital is Santa Marta.
Meta
A large portion of the department, which is also crossed by the Meta River, is covered by a grassland plain known as the Llanos. Its capital is Villavicencio.
Nariño
Named after Antonio Nariño, it is in the west of the country, bordering Ecuador and the Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Pasto,
Norte de Santander
It is in the north of the country, bordering Venezuela. Its capital is Cúcuta, one of the major cities of Colombia.
Putumayo
The word putumayo comes from the Quechua language. The verb putuy means “to spring forth” or “to burst out”, and mayo is a variant of mayu, meaning river. Thus it means “gushing river”. Its capital is Mocoa.
Quindío
It is famous for the quality of the coffee plantations, colorful architecture, benign weather, variety of hotel accommodations and touristic landmarks.
Risaralda
Located in the western central region of the country and part of the Paisa Region, its capital is Pereira.
San Andrés and Providencia
It consists of two island groups about 775 km (482 mi) northwest of Colombia and 220 km (140 mi) from the coast of Nicaragua, and eight outlying banks and reefs. Its capital is San Andrés.
Santander
Located in the central northern part of the country, its capital is the city of Bucaramanga.
Sucre
Sucre was named in honor of the Independence hero Antonio José de Sucre. The capital is Sincelejo.
Tolima
Located in the Andean region, its capital is Ibagué.
Valle del Cauca
It is in the western side of the country. Its capital is Santiago de Cali.
Vaupés
Located in the southeast part of the country, its capital is the town of Mitú.
Vichada
Located in the eastern plains of Colombia, its capital is Puerto Carreño.

The geography of Colombia is characterized by five main natural regions that present their own unique characteristics, from the Andes mountain range region shared with Ecuador and Venezuela; the Pacific Ocean coastal region shared with Panama and Ecuador; the Caribbean Sea coastal region shared with Venezuela and Panama; the Llanos (plains) shared with Venezuela; to the Amazon Rainforest region shared with Venezuela, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador. Colombia is the only South American country which borders both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Other places and informational links for Colombia:

Acuatics LTDA
Exporter of tropical fresh water fish for aquariums. Includes company background and species provided.
Alimentos SAS
Exports the pulp of tropical fruits. Description of fruits, processing, technical data and company overview.
Blindex
Manufactures armoring for automobiles. Includes background, product information and testimonials.
Carteras Kerpel
Manufacturer of leather lady’s handbags. Photos of many handbag models. [English, Spanish]
Connect Consulting Ltda.
Provides foreign investors with help in opening businesses in Colombia. Also offers hands-on support to expatriates and their families.
Disproel S.A.
Capacitors and Power Factor Correction Banks makers. For use in HID lamps, motors, ballasts, air conditioning and Household-electrics
Inssa JD
Manufactures pedicabs and bicycle products and is a distributor of major bicycle brands.
OGA Pneumatic Transport
Shipper of raw materials. Includes company overview, explanation methods used and gives example clients.
Rosas Don Eloy
Flower seller with locations throughout Bogota. Description of the company and available arrangements.

Popular tourist attractions include the historic Candelaria district of central Bogotá, the walled city and beaches of Cartagena, the colonial towns of Santa Fe de Antioquia, Popayán, Villa de Leyva and Santa Cruz de Mompox, and the Las Lajas Sanctuary and the Salt Cathedral of Zipaquirá.

Tourists are also drawn to Colombia’s numerous festivals, including Medellín’s Festival of the Flowers, the Barranquilla Carnival, the Carnival of Blacks and Whites in Pasto and the Ibero-American Theater Festival in Bogotá. Meanwhile, because of the improved security, Caribbean cruise ships now stop at Cartagena and Santa Marta.

Travel:

Popular tourist attractions include the historic Candelaria district of central Bogotá, the walled city and beaches of Cartagena, the colonial towns of Santa Fe de Antioquia, Popayán, Villa de Leyva and Santa Cruz de Mompox, and the Las Lajas Sanctuary and the Salt Cathedral of Zipaquirá.

Tourists are also drawn to Colombia’s numerous festivals, including Feria de Cali (Carnaval of Cali), the Barranquilla Carnival, the Carnival of Blacks and Whites in Pasto, Flower Fair in Medellin and the Ibero-American Theater Festival in Bogotá.

Colombia has a network of national highways maintained by the Instituto Nacional de Vías or INVIAS (National Institute of Roadways) government agency under the Ministry of Transport. The Pan-American Highway travels through Colombia, connecting the country with Venezuela to the east and Ecuador to the south.

Colombia’s main airports are El Dorado International Airport in Bogotá, Jose Maria Cordova International Airport in Medellín, Alfonso Bonilla Aragon International Airport in Cali, Rafael Nuñez International Airport in Cartagena, Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport in Barranquilla, and Matecaña International Airport in Pereira.


Directions by City or Zip (Postcode)

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