New Mexico is located in the Central United States and is usually considered one of the Mountain States.
Inhabited by Native American populations for many centuries, it has also been part of the Imperial Spanish viceroyalty of New Spain, part of Mexico, and a U.S. territory. The tribes in the state consist of mostly Navajo and Pueblo people. The flag of New Mexico is represented by the red and gold colors, which represent Spain as well as the Zia symbol, an ancient Native American symbol for the sun.
Congress admitted New Mexico as the 47th state in the Union on January 6, 1912. It is home to three Air Force bases, White Sands Missile Range, and the federal research laboratories Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories.
The New Mexican landscape ranges from wide, rose-colored deserts to broken mesas to high, snow-capped peaks. Despite New Mexico’s arid image, heavily forested mountain wildernesses cover a significant portion of the state, especially towards the north.
New Mexico ranks as an important center of Native American culture. Both the Navajo and Apache share Athabaskan origin. The Apache and some Ute live on federal reservations within the state. The prehistorically agricultural Pueblo Indians live in pueblos scattered throughout the state.
The Mescalero Apache Tribe was established by Executive Order of President Ulysses S. Grant on May 27, 1873. There are three sub-bands that comprise the Tribe: the Mescalero Apache, the Chiricahua Apache, and the Lipan Apache.
The members of Santa Ana, the Tamayame (the name of the people in our Keres language), have lived in our present location approximately sixteen miles north of Albuquerque, New Mexico, since at least the early 1500s.
A large artistic community thrives in Santa Fe, and has included such people as Bruce Nauman, Richard Tuttle, John Connell and Steina Vasulka. The capital city has museums of Spanish colonial, international folk, Navajo ceremonial, modern Native American, and other modern art. In August, the city hosts the annual Santa Fe Indian Market, which is the oldest and largest juried Native American art showcase in the world.
The cave was formed when sulfuric acid dissolved the surrounding limestone. Inside the cave it’s a mild 56°F (13°C) year-round. A light jacket and comfortable shoes with rubber soles are appropriate. Read our article about Carlsbad Caverns in the winter
cho amphitheater is a natural amphitheatre located in Rio Arriba County, in northern New Mexico in the southwestern United States, about 17 miles (27 km) west of Abiquiú and about 4 miles (7 km) up the road from Ghost Ranch.
The self-guided tour allows you to view the mine at your own pace. Descend the “cage” to the mine shaft.; In a real mine, the descent could plunge down 900 feet or more, but our “Section 26” is just a short ride down, ending at the station where workers, materials and mine ore leave and enter the mine.
Rising from the heart of the Tularosa Basin is one of the world’s great natural wonders – the glistening white sands of New Mexico.
A commuter rail operation, the New Mexico Rail Runner Express, connects the state’s capital, its largest city and other communities. Amtrak’s Southwest Chief passes through daily at stations in Gallup, Albuquerque, Lamy, Las Vegas, and Raton, offering connections to Los Angeles, Chicago and intermediate points.
In addition to local railroads and other tourist lines, the state jointly owns and operates a heritage narrow-gauge steam railroad, the Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railway, with the state of Colorado. Narrow gauge railroads once connected many communities in the northern part of the state, from Farmington to Santa Fe.
By act of January 9, 1852, passed at the second session of the first -. legislature of the Territory, New Mexico was divided into the nine original counties of; Taos, Rio Arriba, Santa Fe, San Miguel. Santa Aha, Bernalillo, Valencia, Socorro and Dona Aha. Reference
Groundhog Day falls on February 2 in the United States, coinciding with Candlemas. It is a part of popular culture among many Americans and it centers on the idea of the groundhog coming out of its home to “predict” the weather.
Valentine's Day is celebrated on February 14. It is a festival of romantic love and many people give cards, letters, flowers or presents to their spouse or partner. They may also arrange a romantic meal in a restaurant or night in a hotel. Common symbols of Valentine's Day are hearts, red roses and Cupid.
Many people in the United States, particularly students, parents and teachers, join forces on Read Across America Day. This nationwide observance coincides with the birthday of Dr Seuss, who is known for writing children’s books.
Texas Independence Day is the celebration of the adoption of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836. With this document signed by 59 people, settlers in Mexican Texas officially declared independence from Mexico and created the Republic of Texas.
The Republic of Texas existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846. The republic's southern- and western-most boundary with Mexico was under dispute throughout the republic's entire existence. Texas claimed the boundary as the Rio Grande (a.k.a. Río Bravo/Río Bravo del Norte), while Mexico claimed the boundary as the Nueces River. This dispute would later become a trigger for the Mexican–American War of 1846–48. The republic's independence ended with Texas's annexation by the U.S. on December 29, 1845.
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