Colorado

The Centennial State

Colorado in the United States

Colorado in the United States

Colorado encompasses most of the Southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. Colorado is part of the Western United States, the Southwestern United States, and the Mountain States.

The state was named for the Colorado River, which Spanish explorers named the Río Colorado for the ruddy silt the river carried from the mountains. On August 1, 1876, U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed a proclamation admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state. Colorado is nicknamed the “Centennial State” because it became a state in the centennial year of the United States Declaration of Independence.

Colorado is bordered by the northwest state of Wyoming to the north, the Midwest states of Nebraska and Kansas to the northeast and east, on the south by New Mexico and Oklahoma, on the west by Utah, and Arizona to the southwest. The four states of Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona meet at one common point known as the Four Corners, which is known as the heart of the American Southwest. Colorado is noted for its vivid landscape of mountains, forests, high plains, mesas, canyons, plateaus, rivers, and desert lands.

Denver is the capital and the most highly populated city of Colorado. Residents of the state are properly known as “Coloradans”, although the archaic term “Coloradoan” is still used.

Colorado
The Official Colorado State Web Portal
Colorado Parks and Wildlife
Colorado Parks and Wildlife manages 42 state parks, all of Colorado s wildlife, more than 300 state wildlife areas and a host of recreational programs
Colorado Tourism
Plan your Colorado vacation activities, lodging and more online. Find things to do on the state of Colorado’s official travel site.

Other places and informational links for Colorado:

Notable for its diverse geography, Colorado ranges from alpine mountains to arid plains and deserts with huge sand dunes. Deep canyons, sandstone and granite rock formations, rivers, lakes, and lush forests are all part of Colorado’s beauty. The borders of Colorado were originally defined to be lines of latitude and longitude, making its shape a latitude-longitude* quadrangle which stretches from 37°N to 41°N latitude and from 102°03’W to 109°03’W longitude (25°W to 32°W from the Washington Meridian). Colorado, Wyoming and Utah are the only states which have boundaries defined solely by lines of latitude and longitude. When placing the border markers for the Territory of Colorado, minor surveying errors resulted in several small kinks, most notably along the border with the Territory of Utah. Once agreed upon by the federal, state, and territorial governments, those surveyors’ benchmarks became the legal boundaries for the Colorado Territory, kinks and all.

Colorado state parks
WikipediA list of Colorado State Parks.

Travel:

Colorado’s primary mode of transportation (in terms of passengers) is its highway system. Interstate 25 (I-25) is the primary north–south highway in the state, connecting Pueblo, Colorado Springs, Denver, and Fort Collins, and extending north to Wyoming and south to New Mexico. Interstate 70 (I-70) is the primary east–west corridor. It connects Grand Junction and the mountain communities with Denver, and enters Utah and Kansas. The state is home to a network of US and Colorado highways that provide access to all principal areas of the state. Smaller communities are only connected to this network via county roads.

Air travel in and out of Colorado is accomplished via several Public-Use airports. Here is a link to a list of airports in Colorado, grouped by type and sorted by location. It contains all public-use and military airports in the state. Some private-use and former airports may be included where notable, such as airports that were previously public-use, those with commercial enplanements recorded by the FAA or airports assigned an IATA airport code.

Amtrak operates two rail passenger lines through Colorado, including the Glenwood Canyon route of the famed California Zephyr, one of America’s legendary passenger trains. Colorado’s contribution to world railroad history was forged principally by the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad which began in 1870 and wrote the book on mountain railroading. In 1988 the “Rio Grande” acquired, but was merged into, the Southern Pacific Railroad by their joint owner Philip Anschutz. On September 11, 1996, Anschutz sold the combined company to the Union Pacific Railroad, creating the largest railroad network in the United States. The Anschutz sale was partly in response to the earlier merger of Burlington Northern and Santa Fe which formed the large Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway (BNSF), Union Pacific’s principal competitor in western U.S. railroading.

Rail adventures:
Cripple Creek Railroad
On June 28th , 1967, Dr. John M. Birmingham opened the Cripple Creek and Victor Narrow Gauge Railroad for business. The CC&V RR has been carrying passengers ever since.
Cumbres Toltec Scenic Railroad
America’s most authentic steam-operated railroad, the Cumbres & Toltec is a proud remnant of the spirit that won the West.
Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad
This historic train has been in continuous operation between Durango and Silverton since 1882, carrying passengers behind vintage steam locomotives and rolling stock indigenous to the line.
Fort Collins Municipal Railway
Join us for a ride on Birney Car 21 on summer weekend afternoons and holidays
Georgetown Loop Railroad
The Georgetown Loop Railroad® was one of Colorado’s first visitor attractions. Completed in 1884, this spectacular stretch of three-foot narrow gauge railroad was considered an engineering marvel for its time.
Pikes Peak Cog Railway
Travel on the World’s Highest cog train, ascending Pikes Peak in all seasons.
Enjoy the invigorating grandeur! Climb to 14,115 feet and experience the magnificent panoramas that inspired the song America the Beautiful.
Platte Valley Trolley
Ride an open trolley car along the scenic South Platte Greenway and see Denver from an open-air “Breezer”! Our Trolley operates from Confluence Park (REI), past the Downtown Aquarium, Children’s Museum and Sports Authority Field at Mile High.
Rio Grande Scenic Railroad
The Rio Grande Scenic Railroad is often referred to as the scenic line of the world. A train ride through the Colorado mountain ranges
Royal Gorge Route Railroad
Royal Gorge is a Colorado natural wonder. The train is a top Colorado attraction offering service in coach, vista dome, lunch, and dinner trains. Your best experience of the Royal Gorge and the Colorado Springs region.
Leadville, Colorado Southern Railroad
Welcome aboard the Leadville Colorado & Southern Railroad. Join us for a Colorado adventure you will not forget. Located in the heart of the Rocky Mountains, this scenic train trip provides 2 and 1/2 hours of sightseeing, relaxation and a little glimpse back in history.

Directions by City or Zip (Postcode)

  You’ll probably need maps, directions or both at some point in your travels. Just type the starting place in the first box, the ending destination in the second box and click “Go”. As an example, you could enter your home address as the starting point and the address of the place you are to stay at as the destination.



Counties:

The State of Colorado is divided into 64 counties. Counties are important units of government in Colorado since the state has no secondary civil subdivisions such as townships.

  • Adams
  • Alamosa
  • Arapahoe
  • Archuleta
  • Baca
  • Bent
  • Boulder
  • Broomfield (includes city)
  • Chaffee
  • Cheyenne
  • Clear Creek
  • Conejos
  • Costilla
  • Crowley
  • Custer
  • Delta
  • Denver (includes city)
  • Dolores
  • Douglas
  • Eagle
  • El Paso
  • Elbert
  • Fremont
  • Garfield
  • Gilpin
  • Grand
  • Gunnison
  • Hinsdale
  • Huerfano
  • Jackson
  • Jefferson
  • Kiowa
  • Kit Carson
  • La Plata
  • Lake
  • Larimer
  • Las Animas
  • Lincoln
  • Logan
  • Mesa
  • Mineral
  • Moffat
  • Montezuma
  • Montrose
  • Morgan
  • Otero
  • Ouray
  • Park
  • Phillips
  • Pitkin
  • Prowers
  • Pueblo
  • Rio Blanco
  • Rio Grande
  • Routt
  • Saguache
  • San Juan
  • San Miguel
  • Sedgwick
  • Summit
  • Teller
  • Washington
  • Weld
  • Yuma

El Al Airlines
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