The Grand Canyon State

Arizona in the Unites States

Arizona (Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo; O’odham: Alĭ ṣonak) is in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western United States and of the western mountain states. The State capital is Phoenix. Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood on February 14, 1912.

The general belief is that the name of the state comes from an earlier Spanish name, Arizonac, derived from the O’odham name alĭ ṣonak, meaning “small spring”, which initially applied only to an area near the Mexican silver mining camp of Planchas de Plata, Sonora. This is supported by the fact that the area is still known as alĭ ṣonak in the O’odham language. Another possible origin is the Basque phrase haritz ona (“the good oak”).

Arizona is one of the Four Corners states. It has borders with New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, California, and Mexico, and one point in common with the southwestern corner of Colorado.

Arizona’s Official Web Site

Other places and informational links for Arizona:

Frank at Meteor Crater, Arizona
Click for more pictures

Arizona is in the Southwestern United States as one of the Four Corners states. Of the state’s 113,998 square miles (295,000 km2), approximately 15% is privately owned. The remaining area is public forest and park land, state trust land and Native American reservations.

Arizona does not observe Daylight Saving Time except in the Navajo Nation, in the northeastern region of the state.

Best known for its desert landscape, it is also known for its climate, which presents exceptionally hot summers and mild winters. Less well-known is the pine-covered high country of the Colorado Plateau in the north-central portion of the state, which contrasts with the desert Basin and Range region in the southern portions of the state.

There are two main rivers, four deserts, and eleven mountains within all or part of the state.

Some of the attractions of Arizona are listed below:

Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
The mission is to inspire people to live in harmony with the natural world by fostering love, appreciation, and understanding of the Sonoran Desert.
Barringer Meteorite Crater
Fifty thousand years ago, a giant fireball streaked across the North American sky. It struck the earth in what is now northern Arizona, exploding with the force of 2 ½ million tons of TNT.
Coconino National Forest
one of the most diverse National Forests in the country with landscapes ranging from the famous Red Rocks of Sedona to Ponderosa Pine Forests, to alpine tundra. Explore mountains and canyons, fish in forest lakes and wade in lazy creeks and streams.
Grand Canyon National Park
Decorated by unique combinations of geologic color and erosion, the 277 river miles (446km) long, up to 18 miles (29km) wide, and a mile (1.6km) deep Grand Canyon overwhelms our senses through its immense size.
Mojave Desert
WikiPedia link giving information on the desert.
Petrified Forest
A Science Park best known for globally significant Late Triassic fossils.
Sonoran Desert National Monument
contains more than 487,000 acres of Sonoran Desert landscape.
Window Rock Navajo Tribal Park Veteran’s Memorial
The Navajo Nation has built a Veterans Memorial at the base of Window Rock, the graceful red stone arch for which the capital is named, to honor the many Navajos who served in the U. S. military.


Directions by City or Zip (Postcode)

  You’ll probably need maps, directions or both at some point in your travels. Just type the starting place in the first box, the ending destination in the second box and click “Go”. As an example, you could enter your home address as the starting point and the address of the place you are to stay at as the destination.

Aviation (Air):
Airports include: Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix; Tucson International Airport in Tucson; Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport in Mesa; Yuma International Airport in Yuma; Prescott Municipal Airport in Prescott; Flagstaff Pulliam Airport in Flagstaff. There is also the Grand Canyon National Park Airport, a small, but busy, single-runway facility providing tourist flights, mostly from Las Vegas.

Car (Automobile):
Main interstate routes include Interstate 17, Interstate 19, Interstate 40, Interstate 8, Interstate 10, and a short stretch of Interstate 15.

Public Transportation:
The Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas are served by public bus transit systems. Yuma and Flagstaff also have public bus systems. Greyhound Lines serves Phoenix, Tucson, Flagstaff, Yuma, and several smaller communities statewide.

A light rail system, called Valley Metro Light Rail, in Phoenix connects Central Phoenix with the nearby cities of Mesa and Tempe.

Train (Railroad):
Amtrak Southwest Chief route serves the northern part of the state, stopping at Winslow, Flagstaff, Williams and Kingman. The Texas Eagle and Sunset Limited routes serve South-Central Arizona, stopping at Tucson, Maricopa, Yuma and Benson. Phoenix’s Amtrak service was canceled in 1996, and now an Amtrak bus runs between Phoenix and the station in Maricopa.

You will need a place to stay during your visit:
CamelBackpackers, a Phoenix Hostel
Centrally located in the heart of Phoenix. We are travelers, and we understand what travelers want. We’ve included everything you need for your stay. USA, LLC


There are 15 counties state of Arizona. The names of many of the counties pay tribute to the state’s Native American heritage. Nine of the fifteen counties are named after various native groups that are resident in parts of what is now Arizona. Three of the other counties have Spanish names from the language of the early Hispanic explorers of Arizona: La Paz County, Santa Cruz County, and Pinal County. Another county, Graham County, is named for a physical feature, Mount Graham, with the final county, Greenlee County, being named after one of the state’s early pioneers.

  • Apache
  • Cochise
  • Coconino
  • Gila
  • Graham
  • Greenlee
  • La Paz
  • Maricopa
  • Mohave
  • Navajo
  • Pima
  • Pinal
  • Santa Cruz
  • Yavapai
  • Yuma

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