The Lone Star State!

Texas is the second largest U.S. state by both area and population, and the largest state in the contiguous United States. The name, based on the Caddo word “Tejas” meaning “friends” or “allies”, was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in East Texas. Located in the South Central United States, Texas is bordered by Mexico to the south, New Mexico to the west, Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas to the northeast, and Louisiana to the east. There are 254 Counties in Texas. This is more than any other U.S. State.

A popular myth is that the Texas Constitution guarantees the State’s citizens the right to secede. It does not. However, it is true that the U.S. state of Texas could divide into as many as five states.

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Six flags over Texas:

The term “six flags over Texas” came from the several nations that had ruled over the territory. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony in Texas. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845 it joined the United States as the 28th state. The state’s annexation set off a chain of events that caused the Mexican–American War in 1846. A slave state, Texas declared its secession from the United States in early 1861, joining the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.

The first flag belonged to Spain, which ruled most of Texas from 1519 to 1685 and from 1690 to 1821. There were two versions of the Spanish flag used during this period.
The third flag flown (1821 through 1836) was the flag of Mexico. Mexico’s independence was recognized by Spain in 1821.
United States of America
The fifth and current flag is that of the United States of America, which Texas joined in 1845. Upon secession Texas abandoned this flag for its sixth, until readmission to the Union in 1865.
The second flag was the royal banner of France from 1685 to 1690. In 1684, French nobleman Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle founded a colony on the Texas Gulf Coast called Fort Saint Louis. The colony was unsuccessful, and after La Salle’s murder, was soon abandoned. During this time, there was no official French flag, so a number of designs are used in displays of the “six flags”.
Republic of Texas
The fourth flag belonged to the Republic of Texas from 1836 to 1845. The Republic had two national flags during its history, the first being the so-called “Burnet Flag”. The “Lone Star Flag”, the final national flag, became the state flag when Texas joined the United States as a U.S. state in 1845.
Confederate States of America
The sixth flag belonged to the Confederate States of America from 1861 to 1865. During this time, the Confederacy had three national flags

Other places and informational links for Texas:

We Must Be in Texas, Right?
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Historically, the whole of Texas culture comes from a blend of Southern (Dixie), Western (frontier), and Southwestern (Mexican/Anglo fusion) influences, varying in degrees of such from one intra-state region to another. Adding to Texas’s traditional culture, established in the 18th and 19th centuries, immigration has made Texas a melting pot of cultures from around the world.

Houston is one of only five American cities with permanent professional resident companies in all of the major performing arts disciplines while the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, also called “The Modern”, is Texas’s oldest art museum.

The Deep Ellum district within Dallas became popular during the 1920s and 1930s as the prime jazz and blues hotspot in the Southern United States. The name Deep Ellum comes from local people pronouncing “Deep Elm” as “Deep Ellum”.

Austin, The Live Music Capital of the World, boasts “more live music venues per capita than such music hotbeds as Nashville, Memphis, Los Angeles, Las Vegas or New York City.”

Since 1980, San Antonio has evolved into the “The Tejano Music Capital Of The World.” The Tejano Music Awards have provided a forum to create greater awareness and appreciation for Tejano music and culture.

Audrey Lopata Illustration
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The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) maintains the state’s immense highway system, regulates aviation, and public transportation systems. Located centrally in North America, the state is an important transportation hub.

Texas has the most airports of any state in the nation. The largest is Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport followed by Houston’s George Bush Intercontinental Airport (IAH). The next four largest airports in the state are Austin-Bergstrom International Airport, William P. Hobby Airport, San Antonio International Airport, and Dallas Love Field. The smallest airport in the state to be designated an international airport is Del Rio International Airport.

Part of the state’s tradition originates from cattle drives in which wranglers herded livestock to railroads in Kansas. The first railroad to operate in Texas was the Buffalo Bayou, Brazos and Colorado Railway, opening in August 1853. The first railroad to enter Texas from the north, completed in 1872, was the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad. While the Railroad Commission of Texas originally regulated state railroads, in 2005 the state reassigned these duties to TxDOT.

Amtrak provides limited intercity passenger rail service both in size and frequency. Three scheduled routes serve the state: the daily Texas Eagle (Chicago–San Antonio); the tri-weekly Sunset Limited (New Orleans–Los Angeles), with stops in Texas; and the daily Heartland Flyer (Fort Worth–Oklahoma City).

Directions by City or Zip (Postcode)

  You’ll probably need maps, directions or both at some point in your travels. Just type the starting place in the first box, the ending destination in the second box and click “Go”. As an example, you could enter your home address as the starting point and the address of the place you are to stay at as the destination.

The Counties in the State of Texas!

The state of Texas is divided into 254 counties, more than any other U.S. State. Texas was originally divided into municipalities. When the Republic of Texas gained its independence in 1836, there were 23 municipalities, which became the original Texas counties.

Each county is run by a commissioners court consisting of four elected commissioners (one from each of four precincts drawn based on population) and a county judge elected from all the voters of the county. In smaller counties, the county judge actually does perform judicial duties. All county elections are partisan.

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