Choctaw County

Named after the Choctaw Nation of Native Americans

Oklahoma map showing Choctaw County

The County of Choctaw was created at statehood in 1907 and takes its name from the Indian tribal name, “Chahta.” The 1860 Choctaw Nation constitution divided the Nation into 3 districts; Pushmataha, Apukshunubbee, and Mushulatubbee. Each district was further divided into counties. Present day Choctaw County was created in 1907 out of the districts of Apukshunubbee and Pushmataha and contains portions of Jackson, Kiamitia (Kiamichi), Cedar and Towson counties of the Choctaw Nation.

County Resources by City
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County page
Choctaw County has no web site that I could find. The above link is to the WikiPedia page for the county. If you know of the official county site, please let me know.

The Boswell area was one of the Choctaw Nation’s first and most important settlements.
Fort Towson
The town took its name from the nearby Fort Towson, which honored an army paymaster, Nathan Towson.
Hamden is on the boundary separating Choctaw County and Pushmataha County, and residents of the community live in both.
Hugo is the county seat for Choctaw County and serves as winter quarters for some circus performers.
Nelson is named for Cole E. Nelson, prominent Choctaw Indian and National Attorney of the Choctaw Nation.
The town that became Sawyer began as Gilbert on the railroad.
The town was named for P.L. Soper, who was a U.S. attorney in the northern district of Indian territory. When the Frisco railroad came through the area, the community at that time took the name Soper.
Spencerville, named for U.S. Secretary of War John C. Spencer, was home to Spencer Academy, a Choctaw Nation boarding school for boys.
Swink is located in Choctaw County on U.S. Highway 70, three miles east of Fort Towson and six miles west of Valliant.
* = unincorporated # = WikiPedia page

Adjacent counties are; Pushmataha County, McCurtain County, Red River County (Texas), Lamar County (Texas), Bryan County, and Atoka County.

Other information and places in Choctaw County, Oklahoma:

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Frisco Depot Museum
Choctaw County has much to see. The Frisco Depot Museum in Hugo is full of history. Restoration began in the Harvey House Restaurant and progressed though out both floors of the old depot. Items of local and county-wide historical interest (artifacts, documents and pictures) are currently on display along with a miniature railroad, a miniature five-ring circus and a moonshine still.

The major natural water feature in Choctaw County is the Kiamichi River, which drains northwest to southeast into the Red River. The Muddy Boggy and Clear Boggy rivers (creeks) also drain into the Red.

Hugo Lake

The Hugo Lake dam is located on the Kiamichi River 18 river miles upstream from its confluence with the Red River. It is about seven miles east of Hugo, Oklahoma, and 30 miles north of Paris, Texas. Hugo Lake has quiet campgrounds with plenty of elbow room. The beautiful wooded campgrounds provide the perfect setting for a relaxing visit. The large parks and miles of paved roads are ideal for cycling, jogging, hiking or horseback riding. Raccoon Road in Kiamichi Park provides nine horse stalls for equestrian campers. Hugo Dam (click for photo) provides steps and a walkway to the edge of the spillway for fishing.

Hugo Lake State Park, nestled in beautiful Southeast Oklahoma, has quickly become a favorite get away spot for people from all over the United States as well as our neighbors across the sea.

Raymond Gary State Park

Raymond Gary State Park is located in southeast Oklahoma on the shores of Raymond Gary Lake. The lake offers fishing, boating and swimming. Camping and picnic facilities are available, and include RV sites, tent sites, group pavilions, comfort stations with showers, a playground, swim beach and cabin rentals.

Fort Towson Historical Site

The U.S. Army established Fort Towson, the second oldest fort in Indian Territory, in 1824. The Choctaw people began settling in the area in 1831-32 after their removal from the American South. The Fort Towson Historical Site, called “Cantonment Towson“, was named for Gen. Nathan Towson, a hero of the War of 1812. The post was established as a fortification on the international boundary with Mexico (Texas), and as a curb to lawlessness in the region. It was also intended to serve as a buffer between Plains Indians to the west and the Choctaw, who were slated for removal to the area from Mississippi.

Important people include;

  • Robert M. Jones, a wealthy Choctaw planter who built an elegant southern mansion that he named Rose Hill (burned in 1912).
  • County Judge Thomas W. Hunter, called “the Godfather of the Choctaw,” hailed from Boswell and began his career as a teacher at Jones Academy.
  • Joel Spring, titled “the Father of Hugo.” When the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway built a line through the Choctaw Nation in 1902, this Goodland merchandise-store operator moved to Hugo.
  • Oklahoma Gov. William Judson Holloway, who in 1929 succeeded Henry S. Johnston after his impeachment.

As the railroad became more important, Hugo developed into a commercial center. The Webb Hotel was one of the most important stops on the line. Reportedly, in the 1920s sixteen passenger trains per day stopped at the town, enabling travelers to take advantage of the Webb’s facilities. Though no longer offering passenger service, the Kiamichi Railroad (KRR) remains in operation and is based in Hugo.

Choctaw County Oklahoma GenWeb
OKCHOCTA is part of the OKGenWeb and USGenWeb genealogical service – dedicated to free online historical and genealogical information.

Major highways include; Highway 70, Highway 271, State Highway 93, and the Indian Nation Turnpike.

Old Johnson House Inn
Victorian Bed and Breakfast Inn at Hugo Oklahoma, in the Red River corridor, central between Dallas, Oklahoma City, Tulsa, Shreveport, Texarkana, and Little Rock.
Shady Oaks RV Park
Offering a secure and shady RV campground and clean washateria services to the Sawyer, OK and surrounding area. Only 1/2 mile from Hugo Lake with on site laundry facilities.

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