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Arkansas

The Natural State

Arkansas in the United States

Arkansas is in the Southern region of the United States. Its name is an Algonquian name of the Quapaw Indians. It comes from the same root as the name for the state of Kansas. The Kansa tribe of Native Americans are closely associated with the Sioux tribes of the Great Plains. The word “Arkansas” itself is a French pronunciation (“Arcansas”) of a Quapaw word, akakaze, meaning “land of downriver people” or the Sioux word akakaze meaning “people of the south wind”.

The state’s diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains to the densely forested land in the south to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta. Known as “the Natural State”, the diverse regions of Arkansas offer residents and tourists a variety of opportunities for outdoor recreation.

The capital is Little Rock, located in the central portion of the state. The Territory of Arkansas was admitted to the Union as the 25th state on June 15, 1836.

State of Arkansas
Official Government site.
Arkansas Tourism Official Site
Enjoy fun family attractions and activities: hunting and fishing, hiking and camping, exploring a real diamond mine, Civil War history and caves; attending festivals and annual events. Explore the scenic beauty of Arkansas!

Arkansas has been pronounced and spelled in a variety of fashions. The region was organized as the Territory of Arkansaw on July 4, 1819, but the territory was admitted to the United States as the state of Arkansas on June 15, 1836. The name was historically /ˈɑrkənsɔː/, /ɑrˈkænzəs/, and several other variants. Historically and modernly, the people of Arkansas call themselves either “Arkansans” or “Arkansawyers”.

The pronunciation of Arkansas was made official by an act of the state legislature in 1881, partially quoted below:

Be it therefore resolved by both houses of the General Assembly, that the only true pronunciation of the name of the state, in the opinion of this body, is that received by the French from the native Indians and committed to writing in the French word representing the sound. It should be pronounced in three (3) syllables, with the final “s” silent, the “a” in each syllable with the Italian sound, and the accent on the first and last syllables. The pronunciation with the accent on the second syllable with the sound of “a” in “man” and the sounding of the terminal “s” is an innovation to be discouraged.

So, the official way to pronounce Arkansas is AR-kən-saw. 🙂

Other places and informational links for Arkansas:

Arkansas Shakespeare Theatre
To entertain, engage, and enrich the community by creating professional and accessible productions of Shakespeare and other works that promote educational opportunities, community involvement, and the highest artistic standards.

Travel:

Transportation in Arkansas is overseen by the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (AHTD). Several main corridors pass through Arkansas. Interstate 40 goes east and west. Interstate 30 comes southwest from Texas. In northeast Arkansas, Interstate 55 runs from Memphis to Missouri, with a new spur to Jonesboro (Interstate 555). Northwest Arkansas is served by Interstate 540 from Fort Smith to Bella Vista, a segment of future Interstate 49.

Arkansas is served by 2,750 miles (4,430 km) of railroad track. The Texas Eagle, an Amtrak passenger train, serves the state.

Arkansas also benefits from the use of its rivers for commerce. The Mississippi River and Arkansas River are both major rivers. The United States Army Corps of Engineers maintains the McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System, allowing barge traffic up the Arkansas River to the Port of Catoosa in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

There are four airports with commercial service: Little Rock National Airport, Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport, Fort Smith Regional Airport, and Texarkana Regional Airport, with dozens of smaller airports in the state.

Public transit and community transport services for the elderly or those with developmental disabilities are provided by agencies such as the Central Arkansas Transit Authority and the Ozark Regional Transit, organizations that are part of the Arkansas Transit Association.

Arkansas is home to many areas protected by the National Park System. These include the Arkansas State Capitol Building as well as:

Arkansas Post National Memorial
Located at the confluence of two rivers, Arkansas Post has served as a gathering place for many cultures throughout human history – it represents cultural cooperation, conflict, synthesis, and diversity.
Blanchard Springs Caverns
Blanchard Springs Caverns can hardly be described in words! You must visit the caves truly understand and appreciate their beauty.
Buffalo National River
Buffalo National River flows freely for 135 miles and is one of the few remaining undammed rivers in the lower 48 states.
Fort Smith National Historic Site
Explore life on the edge of Indian Territory through the stories of soldiers, the Trail of Tears, dangerous outlaws, and the brave lawmen who pursued them.
Hot Springs National Park
“The American Spa,” Hot Springs National Park today surrounds the north end of the city of Hot Springs, Arkansas. Come discover it for yourself.
Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site
Recognized for the role it played in the desegregation of public schools in the United States.
Pea Ridge National Military Park
On March 7-8, 1862, 26,000 soldiers fought here to decide the fate of Missouri and the West. The 4,300 acre battlefield honors those who fought for their beliefs. Pea Ridge was one of the most pivotal Civil War battles and is the most intact Civil War battlefield in the United States.
President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site
On August 19, 1946, Virginia Blythe gave birth to her son, William Jefferson Blythe, III. Named for his father who died before he was born, he grew up to become William Jefferson Clinton – the 42nd president of the United States.

Directions by City or Zip (Postcode)

  You’ll probably need maps, directions or both at some point in your travels. Just type the starting place in the first box, the ending destination in the second box and click “Go”. As an example, you could enter your home address as the starting point and the address of the place you are to stay at as the destination.



Counties:

There are 75 Counties in Arkansas. There are also these former Counties:

Lovely County (1827–1828)

Created on October 13, 1827, partitioned from Crawford County. The Treaty of Washington, 1828 ceded most of its territory to Indian Territory. Abolished October 17, 1828 with the remaining portion becoming Washington County.

Miller County, Arkansas Territory (1820-38)

Created from Hempstead County. Most of its northern portion was actually in Choctaw Nation (now part of Oklahoma); rest of northern portion was dissolved into Sevier County in 1828. All of its southern portion was actually in Texas, and was nominally dissolved into Lafayette County in 1838.

Current counties:
  • Arkansas
  • Ashley
  • Baxter
  • Benton
  • Boone
  • Bradley
  • Calhoun
  • Carroll
  • Chicot
  • Clark
  • Clay
  • Cleburne
  • Cleveland
  • Columbia
  • Conway
  • Craighead
  • Crawford
  • Crittenden
  • Cross
  • Dallas
  • Desha
  • Drew
  • Faulkner
  • Franklin
  • Fulton
  • Garland
  • Grant
  • Greene
  • Hempstead
  • Hot Spring
  • Howard
  • Independence
  • Izard
  • Jackson
  • Jefferson
  • Johnson
  • Lafayette
  • Lawrence
  • Lee
  • Lincoln
  • Little River
  • Logan
  • Lonoke
  • Madison
  • Marion
  • Miller
  • Mississippi
  • Monroe
  • Montgomery
  • Nevada
  • Newton
  • Ouachita
  • Perry
  • Phillips
  • Pike
  • Poinsett
  • Polk
  • Pope
  • Prairie
  • Pulaski
  • Randolph
  • St. Francis
  • Saline
  • Scott
  • Searcy
  • Sebastian
  • Sevier
  • Sharp
  • Stone
  • Union
  • Van Buren
  • Washington
  • White
  • Woodruff
  • Yell

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