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Iceland

A country of extreme contrasts!

Iceland
Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland), described as the Republic of Iceland, is a European island country in the north Atlantic Ocean on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior mainly consists of a plateau characterised by sand fields, mountains and glaciers. Many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle.

According to Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in AD 874 when the chieftain Ingólfur Arnarson became the first permanent Norse settler on the island. Over the following centuries, Norsemen settled Iceland, bringing with them slaves of Gaelic origin. From 1262 to 1918 Iceland was part of the Norwegian and later the Danish monarchies. Icelandic culture is founded upon the nation’s Norse heritage. Most Icelanders are descendants of Norse (particularly from Western Norway) and Gaelic settlers. Icelandic, a North Germanic language, is closely related to Faroese and some West Norwegian dialects.

Government Offices of Iceland
These web-pages serve primarily to make information available about the Icelandic Government Offices to Icelandic citizens.
The Official Gateway to Iceland
Here you will find relevant information about Iceland, its people and its culture, traveling to Iceland, trading with Iceland, investing in Iceland, as well as information about Icelandic embassies abroad.

Other places and informational links for Iceland:

Icelandic culture has its roots in Norse traditions. Icelandic music is related to Nordic music, and includes vibrant, folk and pop traditions. The national anthem of Iceland is Lofsöngur, written by Matthías Jochumsson, with music by Sveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson. Most of Iceland’s cuisine is based on fish, lamb, and dairy products. Þorramatur is a selection of traditional cuisine consisting of many dishes, and is usually consumed around the month of Þorri, which begins on the first Friday, after 19 January. Traditional dishes also include skyr, cured ram scrota, cured shark, singed sheep heads, and black pudding.

PADI Dive Center Iceland
PADI Dive Center offers a variety of Diving and Snorkeling Tours. Scuba dive or snorkel Silfra and many other dive tours around Iceland.

Travel:

The major towns are the capital of Reykjavík, along with its outlying towns of Kópavogur, Hafnarfjörður and Garðabær, Reykjanesbær, where the international airport is located, and Akureyri, in northern Iceland. Iceland has three national parks: Vatnajökull National Park, Snæfellsjökull National Park, and Þingvellir National Park.

Iceland currently has no railways so the automobile is the main form of transportation. The main hub for international transport is Keflavík International Airport, which serves Reykjavík and the country in general.

Iceland has plenty to offer the adventurous. Whether you want to enjoy the great outdoors, or just lounge around in the city and take in the daily life, there are activities and opportunities to meet your needs.


Directions by City or Zip (Postcode)

  You’ll probably need maps, directions or both at some point in your travels. Just type the starting place in the first box, the ending destination in the second box and click “Go”. As an example, you could enter your home address as the starting point and the address of the place you are to stay at as the destination.



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