Republic of Panama

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Panama, officially the Republic of Panama (Spanish: República de Panamá), is the southernmost country of Central America. Situated on the isthmus connecting North and South America, it is bordered by Costa Rica to the northwest, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital is Panama City.

With the backing of the United States, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903, allowing the Panama Canal to be built by the US Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement was signed for the complete transfer of the Canal from the United States to Panama by the end of the century.

Gobierno Nacional República de Panamá
Government of Panama.

Panama is divided into nine provinces, with their respective local authorities (governors) and has a total of ten cities. Also, there are five Comarcas (literally: “Shires”) populated by a variety of indigenous groups.


Bocas del Toro
The province consists of the Bocas del Toro Archipelago, Bahía Almirante (Almirante Bay), Laguna de Chiriquí (Chiriquí Lagoon), and adjacent mainland.
The province of Chiriquí is located in the western region of Panama. It is bordered to the north by the provinces Bocas del Toro and Ngobe-Buglé, to the west by Costa Rica, to the east by the province of Veraguas, and to the south by the Pacific Ocean, specifically the Gulf of Chiriquí.
Coclé is on the nation’s southern coast. Coclé is primarily an agricultural area, with sugar and tomatoes as major crops. The province has a number of well known beaches, such as Santa Clara, Farallon and Rio Hato.
This province has traditionally been focused in commerce (through the Colón Free Zone, Panama Canal and its banking activities), but also has natural resources that are being developed as tourist attraction, such as coral reefs and rainforests.
Darién is a province in eastern Panama. It is also the largest province in Panama. It is hot, humid, heavily forested, and sparsely populated.
Herrera is named after General Tomás Herrera. Herrera is bordered on the north by the provinces Veraguas and Coclé, on the south by Los Santos, on the east by Golfo de Parita and Los Santos, and on the west by Veraguas.
Los Santos
The capital city is Las Tablas, which is famous for its carnivals. The primary economical activities are growing corn, rice, coffee, sugar cane and the raising of livestock and commerce.
Panamá is a major province of the country of Panama, containing the capital city, Panama City.
This land offers tourists and visitors close contact with nature. Forests, mountains, coasts and islands where there are more than 200 varieties of orchids; more than 400 species of birds, besides mammals, reptiles and insects.


Emberá is a comarca indígena (indigenous territory) in eastern Panama. It was created by Law Number 22 on November 8, 1983, within the territories of Chepigana and Pinogana districts, Darién Province. The capital is Union Choco.
Kuna Yala
Kuna Yala is an autonomous territory or comarca in Panama, inhabited by the Kuna indigenous people. The name means “Kuna-land” or “Kuna mountain” in the Kuna language. The area was formerly known as San Blas. The capital of Kuna Yala is El Porvenir.
Ngöbe-Buglé is a comarca (roughly, “reservation” though signifying a high degree of administrative autonomy) in Panama. It was formed in 1997 with lands from the provinces of Bocas del Toro, Chiriquí, and Veraguas. The capital is Chichica.
Kuna de Madugandí
Kuna de Madugandi is a comarca in Panamá. It was created in 1996 from the east part of the province of Panamá, in the district of Chepo. The primary ethnicity is Kuna. Its capital is Akua Yala.
Kuna de Wargandí
Kuna de Wargandí is a comarca indígena (indigenous territory) in Panamá. It was created in 2000 from the province of Darién, from the district of Pinogana. It has an area of 299 square miles (775 km²). It is inhabited by the Kuna people. The community of Nurra serves as its capital.

Other places and informational links for Panama:

The Panama Canal is the first thing most will think of at the mention of the word “Panama”. While an important part of the country, there are also the central spine of mountains and hills that forms the continental divide. This range is not of the great mountain chains of North America.

The highest point in the country is the Volcán Barú, which rises to 3,475 metres (11,401 ft). A nearly impenetrable jungle forms the Darien Gap between Panama and Colombia. This creates the break in the Pan-American Highway, which otherwise forms a complete road from Alaska to Patagonia.

Panama’s wildlife holds the most diversity of all the countries in Central America. It is home to many South American species as well as North American wildlife.

Nearly 500 rivers lace Panama’s rugged landscape. Mostly unnavigable, many originate as swift highland streams, meander in valleys, and form coastal deltas. However, the Río Chagres (Rio Chagres) is one of the few wide rivers and a source of enormous hydroelectric power. The river is located in central Panama. The central part of the river is dammed by the Gatun Dam and forms Gatun Lake, an artificial lake that constitutes part of the Panama Canal.

The culture, customs, and language of the Panamanians are predominantly Caribbean and Spanish. Spanish is the official and dominant language. Panama, because of its historical reliance on commerce, is above all an ethnic “salad bowl”.

Agrícola La Perla
Your choice of landscape, plants, grass and everything related to landscaping
Bienvenidos a Agasajos Chez Marie (Welcome to Chez Marie Hospitality)
Banqueting service, decor and equipment rental for events in the Republic of Panama
Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá)
Panama Canal Authority (Autoridad del Canal de Panamá). Walk through these doors and be witness to one of the greatest engineering marvels of all time: The Panama Canal.
Pérez Broce Pino Pinto Inicio
The law firm BROCE & PINE PÉREZ-PINTO, Lawyers was founded by Ms. Liriola PÉREZ Rafael bit and PINE-PINTO. The main goal is to provide legal services of the highest quality personal level.

The Panamanian currency is officially the balboa, fixed at parity with the United States dollar since independence in 1903. In practice, Panama has its own coinage but uses U.S. dollars for all its paper currency.


International flights arrive at Tocumen International Airport (PTY), which lies about 20 miles east of Panama City (from all countries) or David Airport (from Costa Rica in AirPanama).

Local airlines serve many airports in Panama. Aeroperlas [5] and AirPanama [6] being the two local companies. Flights leave Panama City from Marcos Gelabert Airport in Albrook.

Booking private aircraft charters are available through online and local companies. It is advisable to check the tail number of any aircraft chartered in Panama. All registered aircraft authorized for public charter work (air taxi) will have a letters after their numeric tail number (e.g. HP-0000TD). This signifies the aircraft is insured for charter work and is subjected to more inspections and increased maintenance requirements.

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