Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua (República de Nicaragua), is the largest country in Central America. It is is located at the center of the Central American isthmus that forms a land bridge between North and South America. Nicaragua’s Caribbean coast is part of the Western Caribbean Zone. On the Pacific side of the country are the two largest fresh water lakes in Central America—Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua. Surrounding these lakes and extending to their northwest along the rift valley of the Gulf of Fonseca are fertile lowland plains, whose soil is highly enriched with ash from nearby volcanoes. Nicaragua’s abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contribute to Mesoamerica’s designation as a biodiversity hotspot. The Central American Volcanic Arc runs through the spine of the country, earning Nicaragua its notably famous nickname: The Land of Lakes and Volcanoes.
Nicaragua is a unitary republic, and for administrative purposes, it is divided into 15 departments (departamentos) and two self-governing regions (autonomous communities) based on the Spanish model.
Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte
Spanish for “Autonomous Region of the Northern Atlantic”, sometimes shortened to RAAN, is one of two autonomous regions in Nicaragua. The capital is Puerto Cabezas.
Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur
Spanish for “Autonomous Region of the Southern Atlantic”, sometimes shortened to RAAS, is one of two autonomous regions in Nicaragua. The capital is Bluefields.
It was formed in 1938 out of part of Chontales. The capital is the city of Boaco. Indigenous peoples are the Nuhuas and Sumos.
The capital is Jinotepe.
The capital is the city of Chinandega. Largely agricultural, it produces rum from sugar cane; other products are bananas, peanuts, shrimps and salt.
The capital is Juigalpa.
Its capital is the city of Estelí.
The capital is the city of Granada.
Jinotega is the second largest department in Nicaragua. The capital is the city of Jinotega.
The capital is the city of León.
The capital is Somoto. Madriz was created from Nueva Segovia department in August 1936, and named after José Madriz.
The capital is the city of Managua.
It is the country’s smallest department by area. The capital is the city of Masaya.
The capital is the city of Matagalpa. Matagalpa is the most diversified province, producing coffee, cattle, milk produce, vegetables, wood, gold, flowers. Its extensive forests, rivers and geography are suited for ecotourism.
The capital is Ocotal.
The department’s capital is the city of Rivas. Rivas is known for its fertile soil and beautiful beaches. There are many sugar cane, plantain, tobacco, and other crop plantations. The department borders Lake Nicaragua to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Río San Juan
It was formed in 1957 from parts of Chontales and Zelaya departments. The capital is San Carlos. The Department also includes the Solentiname Islands archipelago and the San Juan River, after which it is named. Trinidad, in Rio San Juan, is the most southerly point in Nicaragua.
Other places and informational links for Nicaragua:
By car, there are two border crossings to Costa Rica, Penas Blancas west of Lake Nicaragua and Los Chiles east of it. You have to take a boat to cross at Los Chiles. It is not possible to cross into Nicaragua via Los Chiles by car. There are three major border crossings to Honduras. Las Manos is on the shortest route to Tegucigalpa, the others ones are on the Panamerican Highway north of Leon.
International buses are available between Managua and San Jose, Costa Rica (also stopping briefly in Rivas and Granada), San Salvador, El Salvador (stopping briefly in Leon) and Honduras.
April Fools' Day or All Fools' Day is celebrated on April 1st as a day for practical jokes, pranks and hoaxes. This light-hearted humor has become a popular tradition between not only friends and family, but media sources as well. Watch out on April Fools Day! Are you being hoaxed?
Siblings Day (sometimes called National Siblings Day) is a holiday recognized annually in some parts of the United States on April 10th. honoring the relationships of siblings. Unlike Mother's Day and Father's Day, it is not federally recognized, though the Siblings Day Foundation is working to change this. Since 1998, the governors of 39 states have officially issued proclamations to recognize Siblings Day in their state.
Earth Day is a global holiday celebrated as a day to bring awareness and appreciation for the Earth and it's environment. It is celebrated internationally on the first day of Spring in March, usually on March 20th or 21st and in some places on April 22nd. It doesn't matter which day you celebrate (or celebrate both!) because it is the focus on saving the earth's environment that should be celebrated every day of the year!
Arbor Day (from the Latin arbor, meaning tree) is a holiday in which individuals and groups are encouraged to plant and care for trees. Today, many countries observe such a holiday. Though usually observed in the spring, the date varies, depending on climate and suitable planting season.
God told us to take care of this Earth that He created. Even if you don't believe in God, its a good thing to do.
Students often show appreciation for their teachers with gifts or writing thank you cards. The National Education Association describes National Teacher Day as "a day for honoring teachers and recognizing the lasting contributions they make to our lives".
The NEA gives a history of National Teacher Day: The origins of Teacher Day are murky. Around 1944 Wisconsin teacher Ryan Krug began corresponding with political and education leaders about the need for a national day to honour teachers. Woodbridge wrote to Eleanor Roosevelt who in 1953 persuaded the 81st Congress to proclaim a National Teacher Day. NEA along with its Kansas and Indiana state affiliates and the Dodge City (Kan. ) local lobbied Congress to create a national day celebrating teachers. Congress declared March 7, 1980, as National Teacher Day for that year only. NEA and its affiliates continued to observe Teacher Day on the first Tuesday in March until 1985, when the National PTA established Teacher Appreciation Week as the first full week of May. The NEA Representative Assembly then voted to make the Tuesday of that week National Teacher Day.
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