Honduras (República de Honduras – “Republic of Honduras”) was previously known as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize. The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.
Honduras was home to several important indigenous cultures, most notably the Maya. Much of the country was conquered by Spain who introduced its predominant language and many of its customs in the sixteenth century. It became independent in 1821 and has been a republic since the end of Spanish rule.
It is notable for its production of minerals, tropical fruit, and recently for exportation of clothing for the international market.
The Central American nation of Honduras is currently divided into 18 departments (departamentos). Each department is headed by a governor, who is appointed by the President of Honduras. The capital city is Tegucigalpa Central District of the department of Francisco Morazán.
The capital is the port city of La Ceiba. In the past decades the tourism took over to become the most important legitimate economic source for the coastal area.
The departmental capital is city of Choluteca. There is also a river named Choluteca that runs through the department. It is the southernmost department of Honduras, bordering the Gulf of Fonseca to the west and the Republic of Nicaragua to the east and south.
Colon harbors a substantial Garifuna population and has pristine beaches and rainforested national parks. The Fort of Santa Barbara, built by the Spaniards in the colonial era, was the site of the execution of US filibuster William Walker in Trujillo, and his remains are buried in the city’s graveyard.
The departmental capital is Comayagua.
The departmental capital is the town of Santa Rosa de Copán. The department is well-known for its tobacco and fine cigars. The department is famous for its Pre-Columbian archaeological site at Copán, one of the greatest cities of the Maya civilization.
Cortés is the economic heartland of Honduras, as the Sula Valley is the country’s main agricultural and industrial region. The departmental capital is San Pedro Sula.
The capital is Yuscaran. The town is the site of a cigar factory operated by Nestor Plasencia, in which cigars are made under a variety of labels, including that of Rocky Patel.
The department is very mountainous, with rugged ranges covered in pine forests. Many of the high mountain peaks house cloud forests, like La Tigra National park or Cerro Uyuca. The northern portion contains the Montaña de la Flor, home to the Jicaque people.
Gracias a Dios
Though it is the second largest department in the country, it is sparsely populated, and contains extensive pine savannas, swamps, and rainforests. The departmental capital is Puerto Lempira.
The departmental capital is the town of La Esperanza. Intibucá was formed in 1883; it was formerly part of the departments of La Paz and Gracias.
Islas de la Bahía
The departmental capital is Roatan. It comprises three geographically separate groups; Islas de la Bahía (with the main islands Roatán, Guanaja and Útila, and numerous satellite islands), Cayos Cochinos, further south, and Swan Islands, 120 km to the north
The departmental capital is the city of La Paz.
Lempira is a rugged department, and it is relatively isolated from the rest of the country. The highest mountain peak in Honduras, Cerro las Minas, is in Lempira. Opals are mined near the town of Opatoro.
The capital and main city is Ocotepeque.
Rugged mountains rise in the western and northern portions of the department. Central Olancho has rolling plains, watered by the Guayape River and its affluents. The eastern part of the department is covered with rainforests.
The departmental capital is Santa Bárbara.
The departmental capital is Nacaome. The department faces the Gulf of Fonseca and contains mangrove swamps; inland, it is very hot and dry.
The department contains rich agricultural lands, concentrated mainly on the valley of the Aguan River and the Sula Valley, on opposite ends
Other places and informational links for Honduras:
Honduras has rain forests, cloud forests (which can rise up to nearly three thousand meters above sea level), mangroves, savannas and mountain ranges with pine and oak trees, and the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System. In the Bay Islands there are bottlenose dolphins, manta rays, parrot fish, schools of blue tang and whale shark.
The region is considered a biodiversity hotspot because of the numerous plant and animal species that can be found there. Like other countries in the region, Honduras contains vast biological resources. The country hosts more than 6,000 species of vascular plants, of which 630 (described so far) are orchids; around 250 reptiles and amphibians, more than 700 bird species, and 110 mammal species, half of them being bats.
Mission Lazarus is a holistic ministry that focuses on basic primary education, skill development, health education and treatment, agricultural development, and preaching and teaching the Word of God
Transportation in Honduras consists of the following infrastructure: 699 km of railways; 13,603 km of roadways; seven ports and harbors; and 112 airports altogether (12 Paved, 100 unpaved). Responsibility for policy in the transport sector rests with the Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Housing (SOPRTRAVI after its Spanish acronym).
Groundhog Day falls on February 2 in the United States, coinciding with Candlemas. It is a part of popular culture among many Americans and it centers on the idea of the groundhog coming out of its home to “predict” the weather.
Valentine's Day is celebrated on February 14. It is a festival of romantic love and many people give cards, letters, flowers or presents to their spouse or partner. They may also arrange a romantic meal in a restaurant or night in a hotel. Common symbols of Valentine's Day are hearts, red roses and Cupid.
Many people in the United States, particularly students, parents and teachers, join forces on Read Across America Day. This nationwide observance coincides with the birthday of Dr Seuss, who is known for writing children’s books.
Texas Independence Day is the celebration of the adoption of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836. With this document signed by 59 people, settlers in Mexican Texas officially declared independence from Mexico and created the Republic of Texas.
The Republic of Texas existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846. The republic's southern- and western-most boundary with Mexico was under dispute throughout the republic's entire existence. Texas claimed the boundary as the Rio Grande (a.k.a. Río Bravo/Río Bravo del Norte), while Mexico claimed the boundary as the Nueces River. This dispute would later become a trigger for the Mexican–American War of 1846–48. The republic's independence ended with Texas's annexation by the U.S. on December 29, 1845.
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