El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally ‘Republic of The Savior’) is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. The country’s capital city and largest city is San Salvador. El Salvador borders the Pacific Ocean on the west, and the countries of Guatemala to the north and Honduras to the east. Its eastern-most region lies on the coast of the Gulf of Fonseca, opposite Nicaragua. The colón was the official currency of El Salvador from 1892 to 2001, when it adopted the U.S. Dollar.
El Salvador’s origins of human civilization date back to the Pipil people of Cuzcatlán, which means The Place of Precious Diamonds and Jewels. The people of El Salvador are variably referred to as Salvadoran or Salvadorian, while the term Cuzcatleco is commonly used to identify someone of Salvadoran heritage.
This is NOT the official El Salvador web site. I have not found an official site for this country. I hope the above link helps you with information. If you know of the official page, please tell me of it.
El Salvador is divided into 14 departments (departamentos), which in turn are subdivided into 262 municipalities (municipios).
The capital is Ahuachapán. In the South it has the Apenca-Ilamatepec Range and the Cerro Grande de Apaneca (Apaneca Grand Hill).
he capital is Sensuntepeque. Sensuntepeque means 400 hills because around the department there are small hills.One of the coldest regions in El Salvador and Certified place of Tourism , strongly recommended.
The capital is the city of Chalatenango. Las Matras Archaeological Ruins contains the relics of prehistoric populations and caves in which rock writing is found. The “5 de Noviembre” Hydroelectric Dam is found in Chalatenango Department, near the border with Cabañas. The highest point in the country, El Pital with an elevation of 2730.06 m, also is located in Chalatenango Department.
Cuscatlán or Cuzcatlán was the name the original inhabitants of the Western part of the country gave to most of the territory that is now El Salvador. In their language it means “land of precious jewels”. It was created on 22 May 1835. It is known in producing fruits, tobacco, sugar cane, and coffee among other items. The department is famous for its chorizos from the city of Cojutepeque.
The capital is Santa Tecla. The population was settled on the Ulliman Plains, which is where rubber is harvested. The city was called “Nueva Ciudad de San Salvador” (New City of San Salvador) and made the department’s capital on the same date as the department was declared.
The capital is Zacatecoluca. The department was created in 1852. There are various caves containing rock writing. The department has a church in Zacatecoluca where the Independence Hero Dr Jose Simeon Cañas y Villacorta was born. He was known as “The Liberator of the Slaves in Central America”. In 1833, Anastasio Aquino, an indigenous person, proclaimed himself as “The Emperor of the Nonualcos”.
It is located in the eastern part of the country and its capital is La Unión. The department was created on June 22, 1865 and the city of La Unión was made its capital. The Conchagua Temple was built in 1693 and it is one of tourist attractions of the department, as well as containing archeological ruins in Intipuca and Meanguera.
Located in the northeast part of the country, its capital is San Francisco Gotera. A museum commemorating the Salvadoran civil war, the Museum of the Revolution, was established in the municipality of Perquín.
The capital is San Miguel. San Miguel was first known as San Miguel de la Frontera. The city was founded by Luis de Moscoso on May 8, 1530, where it is now Santa Elena. This territory was part of the Lenca Principality at the time of the conquest. On July 11, 1812 it was given the title of “Noble y Leal Ciudad” (noble and loyal city). It was made a department on June 12, 1824.
The capital is San Salvador, which is also the national capital. It was classified as a department on June 12, 1824.
The department was created on June 12, 1824. San Vicente is famous for the variety of typical sweets elaborated with coconut preserves, nance, and tamarindo. In San Esteban Catarina, sweets of panela and pilon sugar are manufactured. San Sebastian is very famous for its textile production.
The capital is Santa Ana. The most important volcanoes are the Ilamatepec or Santa Ana Volcano and the Chingo. Other notable mountains are The green hill and Montecristo massif. The main rivers of the department are the Lempa and the Guajoyo rivers. Lakes in the department are Lake Güija on the border with Guatemala near Metapán, and Lake Coatepeque which is located in the southern part of the department.
The capital is Sonsonate. It is an overwhelmingly agricultural area, with extremely fertile volcanic soils that once were the most valuable resource in Central America for the Spanish conquistadors who profited from its ancient cacao plantations. Its name appropriately means “Place of 400 rivers” or “Place of many waters”.
Usulután from the Nawat language (meaning “city of the ocelots”) is in the southeast of the country (Lenca region). The capital is Usulután. It is El Salvador’s largest department. The department was created on June 22, 1865.
Other places and informational links for El Salvador:
The only airport serving international flights in the country is Comalapa International Airport. This airport is located about 40 km (25 mi) southeast of San Salvador.
Most North American and European tourists seek out El Salvador’s beaches and nightlife. There are not many nature-themed tourist destinations such as ecotours, or archaeological sites, open to the public due to its geographic size and urbanization.
Surfing, however, is a natural tourism sector that has gained popularity in recent years as Salvadoran beaches have become increasingly popular. Surfers visit many beaches on the coast of La Libertad and the east end of the country, finding surfing spots that are not yet overcrowded.
Urbanization and Americanization of Salvadoran culture has also led to the abundance of American-style malls, stores, and restaurants in the three main urban areas, especially greater San Salvador.
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