The southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent!
Central America is the central geographic region of the Americas. It is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, with an area of some 592,000 square kilometres, which connects with South America on the southeast. When considered part of the unified continental model, it is considered a subcontinent. It is bordered by Mexico to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the east, the North Pacific Ocean to the west, and Colombia to the south-east. Central America is in the UTC – 6:00, UTC – 5:00 Time Zones.
Central America consists of the seven Countries:
Other places and informational links for Central America:
Central America has many mountain ranges; the longest are the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, the Cordillera Isabelia and the Cordillera de Talamanca. The region is geologically active, with volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occurring from time to time. Between the mountain ranges lie fertile valleys that are suitable for the people; in fact most of the population of Honduras, Costa Rica and Guatemala live in valleys. Valleys are also suitable for the production of coffee, beans and other crops.
Central America is part of the Mesoamerican Biodiversity hotspot, boasting 7% of the world’s biodiversity. As a bridge between North and South America, Central America has many species from the Nearctic and the Neotropic ecozones.
Rail transport in Central America consists of several isolated railroad lines with freight or passenger service. The most famous one is Panama Canal Railway, the oldest transcontinental railroad in the world, connecting Panama City with Colón since 1855. Other railroads were built by private and public investors mainly to facilitate the transport of local agricultural produce to export markets and harbors. Many of these railroads have ceased operation due to various factors. None of the operating railways crosses national borders
The Pan-American Highway runs through Central America, and except for an 87 kilometres (54 mi) rainforest break, called the Darién Gap, the road links the mainland nations of the Americas in a connected highway system. However, because of the Darién Gap, it is not possible to cross between South America and Central America by traditional motor vehicle.
There are several Airlines that provide service to Central America as well as cruise lines. Hotels and other lodgings are also available.