“Hatikvah” (Hebrew for “The Hope”)



Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East. Israel is on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. The country contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel’s economy and technology center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although the state’s sovereignty over Jerusalem is internationally unrecognized.

In its Basic Laws, Israel defines itself as a Jewish and democratic state. Israel is a representative democracy with a parliamentary system, proportional representation and universal suffrage. The prime minister is head of government and the Knesset is the legislature. The country benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentage of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree. The country has the highest standard of living in the Middle East and the third highest in Asia, and has one of the highest life expectancies in the world.

Israel homepage
Government services and information website

Other places and informational links for Israel:

Israel has a long, and often disputed, history. The notion of the “Land of Israel”, known in Hebrew as Eretz Yisrael, has been important and sacred to the Jewish people since Biblical times. According to the Torah, God promised the land to the three Patriarchs of the Jewish people. On the basis of scripture, the period of the three Patriarchs has been placed somewhere in the early 2nd millennium BCE.


The main airport in Israel is Tel Aviv’s Ben-Gurion International Airport but recently Ryanair opened a few winter low-cost connections, very popular among tourists, to Ovda airport. Israel’s second international airport, which is used mostly by charter carriers, is located at Ovda, and serves the south of Israel, predominantly, Eilat (code: VDA)

It’s surprisingly difficult to travel to Israel by boat. The main route is from Limassol in Cyprus to Haifa, and the main operators are Louis Cruises and Salamis Cruises. These are cruise services and they do not advertise one-way fares, but they may be willing to carry you if you’re persistent and they have space.

There are five border crossings that can be reached by road. There are two on the Egyptian border and three on the Jordanian border. There are no border crossings accessible to tourists with either Syria or Lebanon. All border crossings have extensive security measures in place to ensure the safety of both Israelis and tourists.

For more information on travel, visit the sites listed below.

Israel – WikiTravel
Help in understanding cultures and travel in Israel
Traveler Information Website
The Traveler Information Website is a one-stop shop for local and foreign tourists, and includes all the information necessary to plan a visit: accommodation, camping grounds, events, attractions, tour guides and more.

Directions by City or Zip (Postcode)

  You’ll probably need maps, directions or both at some point in your travels. Just type the starting place in the first box, the ending destination in the second box and click “Go”. As an example, you could enter your home address as the starting point and the address of the place you are to stay at as the destination.

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